Battery power for buildings

Year ago when I was a lad batteries were either massive lead/acid secondary designs.  These had limited storage density and peak flows plus there was always the dangers associated with these heavy vats of sulphuric acid – but they did power milk floats (Qv)!  Alternatively, for the torch there was the puny primary zinc-carbon design prone to caustic leakage and thus significant damage as the zinc (negative) casing “corroded” away!

Capacity (MJ/L) litre has increased by a order of magnitude (plus) and the battery has become much more “demand flexible” and controllable.  It is now becoming feasible to propose distributed power storage on a building-by-building basis; which, together with smart-meters throughout the grid must make more sense than pumping water uphill (eg the Dinorwig & Frestiniog schemes) operating rapidly start gas-powered stations as a “spinning reserve” both of which are currently used to smooth out the peaks and troughs of electrical supply and demand.  Localised chemical  batteries are also “instantaneously” switchable rather than the 4-16 seconds required to start/stop for mechanical storage solutions.  See: [6/11/12]

supplemental – better battery designs for vehicles… but not just yet! [9/11/12]

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